Chinese New Year Calendar
Chinese New Year, or Spring Festival, has a lot more than 4,000 years of history and is the greatest holiday of this year. From the 21st century, the federal holiday begins on the first of this Lunar Calendar and continues before 15th of the first month. Back in 2018, Chinese New Year begins on February 5th and ends February 19th.
Back in China, all stores are closed during the first five days of this Spring Festival, with some maybe not opening before the very end. Individuals should stock up on New Year supplies (年货–nian huo) ahead and lots of begin on the “Laba Festival“. Kitchens will also show the first signs of Spring Festival dishes with all the groundwork of meat that is cured, salted fish as well as other food that is preserved.
The Laba Festival
However, in the conventional sense, the Laba Festival (腊八节–Làbā jié) of this lunar December (January 13th, 2019) marks the onset of this Spring Festival. Memorial trainings are held on today to pray to gods and ancestors (such as door giants ) for luck and a prosperous harvest. Though against in nature, the festival is now incorporated into religions such as Taoism and Buddhism.
The main food for this festival is the Laba porridge (腊八粥–Làbā zhōu). It comprises seven kinds of grains, such as red bean, red dates and husked rice. There are many different myths regarding this porridge but all teach the lesson of being grateful and maybe not taking everything you have for granted.
It is also stated that eating ice on this particular day will prevent any stomach-aches for the season.
The Spring Festival
Kicking off the Primary Parties Would Be the Little Year on January 28th with All the Spring Festival officially beginning February 5th (February 4th is New Year’s Eve) and ending with the Lantern Festival on February 19th.
The most important dates for the Chinese New Year:
|SOLAR DATE (2018)||LUNAR DATE||TITLE|
|January 28th||December 23rd||Little Year (小年—xiǎo nián)|
|February 4th||December 30th||New Year’s Eve (除夕—chúxì)|
|February 5th||January 1st||Spring Festival (春节—chūn jié)|
|February 6th||January 2nd||To the in-law’s (迎婿日—yíng xù rì)|
|February 7th||January 3rd||Day of the Rat (鼠日—shǔ rì)|
|February 8th||January 4th||Day of the Sheep (羊日—yáng rì)|
|February 9th||January 5th||Break Five (破五—pò wǔ)|
|February 10th||January 6th||Day of the Horse (马日—mǎ rì)|
|February 11th||January 7th||Day of the Human (人日—rén rì)|
|February 12th||January 8th||Day of the Millet (谷日节—gǔ rì jié)|
|February 13th||January 9th||Providence Health (天公生—tiān gōng shēng)|
|February 14th||January 10th||Stone Festival (石头节—shí tou jié)|
|February 15th||January 11th||Son-in-law Day (子婿日—zǐ xù rì)|
|February 16th –18th||January 12th –14th||Lantern Festival Preparations|
|February 19th||January 15th||Lantern Festival (元宵节—yuán xiāo jié)|
The Spring Festival is long and it has special activities and traditions for each day. As usual they vary between regions. Here is just a brief summary of that which maybe on this program.
28th January: Little Year (小年—xiǎo nián)
In the past, government officials observed this day on the 23rd. Common inhabitants celebrated on the 24th and fishermen on the 25th.
- Lunar date: 23rd December (腊月二十三—là yuè èr shí sān)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 28th January’19
- Actions & customs: This can be just another day of memorial and prayer ceremonies. Main activities include home cleaning to sweep off bad fortune (扫年–sǎo nián) and plead to the stove god (祭灶–jì zào).
- Food: Sugar melons (糖瓜–táng guā), known as stove candies (灶糖–Zào táng), are created of malt and can simply be found on this particular day. Other foods comprise baked wheat cakes (火烧 — huǒ shāo) and tofu soup (豆腐汤–dòufu tang).
4th February “New Year’s Eve” (除夕—chúxì):
Based on the moon cycle, New Year’s Eve either lands on the 29th or 30th of their lunar December. Regardless, this afternoon can be called the 30th of the year (大年三十–dà nián sān shí).
- Lunar date: 30th December (腊月三十—là yuè sān shí)
- Activities & customs: The reunion dinner, even the main meal of this season, takes place on this particular day. After dinner, the children are going to get red envelopes. The family will then stay up late and wait patiently for your New Year (守岁–shǒu suì).
- Food: Serve everyone’s favourite food.
Spring Festival (春节—chūn jié)
The name for the day was Yuán Dàn (元旦), together with Yuan significance”the start .” However, Yuan Dan is now used to refer to this New Year of the calendar.
- Lunar date: 1January (正月初一—zhēng yuè chū yī)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: February’19
- Actions & customs: Fire crackers start off a day of greetings and blessings between neighbours. There are no particular activities aside from celebrating the New Year. The early Chinese album and analyse the weather, stars and moon to predict the bundles of the season. The clinic is called zhàn suì (占岁).
- Food & drink: In addition of food, people also celebrate with Tu Su wine (屠苏酒—tú sū jiǔ).
- Superstitions & beliefs: It is prohibited to sweep or clean on this afternoon, else good fortune will be swept away.
: To the in-law’s (迎婿日—yíng xù rì) (this even are held on 3February in northern regions.)
- Lunar date: 2January (正月初二—zhēng yuè chū èr)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: February’19
- Actions & customs: On this day, a married daughter must bring her husband and kids into her parent’s home. She has to make a gift bag of crackers and candies, which her mother will split between neighbours. This very simple gift shows that”it’s the idea that counts” and conveys the daughter’s wanting for her or her hometown.
- Food: Lunch is eaten together and also the daughter needs to go back for her spouse’s home.
7th February: Day of the Rat (鼠日—shǔ rì)
- Lunar date: January 3rd (正月初三—zhēng yuè chū sān)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 7th February’19
- Activities & traditions: Individuals will leave some crackers and grains in corners to share their crop with all the rats. They’ll then go to sleep in order not to disturb the”wedding.” In this manner, the rats won’t disturb them during the calendar year .
8th February: Day of the Sheep (羊日—yáng rì)
- Lunar date: 4th January (正月初四—zhēng yuè chū sì)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 8th February’19
- Activities & traditions: The god of wealth is prayed to on this day. Offerings include three forms of meat, fruits and wine. At midnight, most men and women will welcome the god in by opening the windows and eating and drinking before daybreak.
- Food: The composed of five gods (接五路–jiē wǔ lù) needs three tables of food. The initial has kumquats and sugarcanes to get a candy life and successful road; cakes are on the next dining table. The third dining table has the primary plan of whole pig, whole chicken, whole fish and soup.
- Superstitions & beliefs: It’s forbidden to slaughter sheep this day. Fair weather is actually a indication the sheep will probably be healthy this season and your family will have a bountiful harvest.
9th February: Break Five (破五—pò wǔ)
After praying to this god of wealth, markets and stores are able to start again. Women can even venture out and present New Year stinks.
- Lunar date: 5th January (正月初五—zhēng yuè chū wǔ)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 9th February’19
- Food: Dumplings (饺子–jiao zi) have been eaten to attract wealth. Traditionally, it needs to be eaten for five days straight. The principle isn’t followed strictly anymore, but every household will possess dumplings at least once.
- Superstitions & beliefs: Many say taboos and activities forbidden on additional days could be carried out over the 5th. Other people state it’s hard to focus with this day.
10th February: Day of the Horse (马日—mǎ rì)
- Lunar date: 6th January (正月初六—zhèng yuè chū liù)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 10th February’19
- Activities & traditions: Subsequent to the “break five” of this afternoon before, folks may truly begin working. People will even send the soul of poverty off (送穷鬼–sòng qióng guǐ), allegedly a frail-looking guy who wanted to drink thin porridge and purposely turned his clothing in to loaf, by burning off and offering banana boat candles.
- Superstitions & beliefs: It’s believed that the god of bathrooms (厕所神–cè suǒ shén) will see check on the sanitary conditions, so each family will use this day to clean.
11th February: Day of the Human (人日—rén rì)
- Lunar date: 7th January (正月初七—zhēng yuè chū qī)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 11th February’19
- Activities & traditions: Historical China had the custom of wearing a hair attachment known as rén sheng (人胜). Colorful cut outs and gold engravings of blossoms and everyone was glued onto displays.
- Food: Seven Gem Porridge (七宝羹–qī bǎo gēng) is your dish for this particular afternoon. It comprises seven types of vegetables: ginseng, leek, mustard leaves, celery, garlic, spring vegetable (春菜–chūn cài) and thick foliage vegetables (厚瓣菜–hòu bàn cài).
- Superstitions & beliefs: Clear sky is a sign of a safe and sound year.
12th February: Day of the Millet (谷日节—gǔ rì jié)
- Lunar date: 8th January (正月初八—zhēng yuè chū ba)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 12th February’19
- Activities & traditions: Pets such as birds and fish are discharged back into the wild to show respect to temperament. In modern times, some families see rural areas to learn about farming. This assists children appreciate farmers’ hard job and also eventually become more environmentally-aware.
- Superstitions & beliefs: Blue sky is a sign of a fruitful harvest.
13th February: Providence Health (天公生—tiān gōng shēng)
Birthday of The highest god, the Jade Emperor (玉皇大帝—yù huáng dà dì).
- Lunar date: 9th January (正月初九—zhēng yuè chū jiu)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 13th February’19
- Activities & traditions: The principal activities are festivals for the Jade Emperor. In certain places, women brings fragrant flower candles to natural dyes, harbours or open space and plead to the gods.
- Superstitions & beliefs: Everyone must fast and bathe, before praying. If there is a meat offering in meal, the animal has to be male.
14th February: Stone Festival (石头节—shí tou jié)
This is the birthday of the Rock.
- Lunar date: 10th January (正月初十—zhēng yuè chū shí)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 14th February’19
- Activities & traditions: In some regions, the people will freeze a clay jar onto a smooth stone the night before. On the morning of the 10th, ten youths will carry the jar around. If the stone doesn’t fall, it’s a sign of a good harvest.
- Food: In lunch, meal of baked bread (馍饼—mó bǐng) is serve.
- Superstitions & beliefs: Stone tools use is prohibited, such as rollers and millstones.
15th February: Son-in-law Day (子婿日—zǐ xù rì)
- Lunar date: 11th January (正月十一—zhēng yuè shí yī)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 15th February’19
After meals the day before, there are usually lots of leftovers from Tiangong Sheng. The family use this to treat the in-law.
16th – 18th February: Lantern Festival Preparations
People start their preparations for the Lantern Festival(元宵节 – Yuán xiāo jié) by purchasing lanterns and constructing light sheds.
- Lunar date: 12th -14th January (正月十二-十四—zhèng yuè shí’èr—shí’sì)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 16th-18th February’19
- Superstitions & beliefs: The expression goes: create noise to the 11th, build lighting drops on the 12th light the lantern over the 13th light is glowing on the 14th, the full moon on the 15th, end the lighting onto the 16th. It’s a wonderful rhythm in Oriental and outlines those activities of this upcoming day or two.
19th February: Lantern Festival (元宵节—yuán xiāo jié)
The festival lasted ten days in the Ming dynasty.
- Lunar date: 15th January (正月十五—zhēng yuè shí wǔ)
- Solar (Gregorian) date: 19th February’19
- Activities & traditions: Creating lanterns have become the most significant activity during the holiday season. Lantern Riddles (猜灯谜–cāi dēng mí) is a sport played with composing riddles on lanterns. Since it is the complete moon that day, moon-gazing amidst lanterns would be your best method to observe.
- Food: Glutinous rice balls often eaten as a dessert.